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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 1, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, and union .ank >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard iesunderstand the industr
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you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." a humanitarian cease-fire in gaza quickly collapses, but israel and hamas are blaming each other for breaking the truce. an israeli soldier has been captured by palestinian militants as fighting resumed. president obama called for him to be set free. >> if they are serious about trying to resolve the situation, that soldier needs to be unconditionally released as soon as possible. >> and victims of 40 general motors ignition switches can now file a claim for compensation.
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we talked to the man controlling the funds. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. israel tonight has warned of using crushing force in gaza after the collapse of a humanitarian cease-fire just hours after it began. both sides are blaming each other for the collapse, and an israeli soldier was reportedly captured by palestinian the fighting resumed. more on the search for him in a moment, but we start with the -- we start in gaza city. >> there has been little to cheer in almost a month, but today, gaza woke to news of a cease-fire. and theyfell silent,
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cautiously walked back to their homes. this is what they found -- whole neighborhoods gutted. israel says it is self-defense against a terrorist that -- threat. people have come to quickly collect what they can salvage, but fear is never far away. gunshots ring out in the distance. her husband is in the other room -- what is left of it. here.ple used to live the homes lie close to the border. israel says militants build tunnels under the area, but for those who live here, it feels .ike collective punishment >> i have a big family. ? ere are we going to live now
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they leave us to live in the streets now. why have they punished us this way? why have they punished us? we are civilians. .e want to live in peace we love life. we want to live like them. ,> with so much destruction people gathered what little they under the they left watchful gaze of the israeli military. many of the tanks that had been , and out on the horizon, you can just make out the soldiers who have been operating here. at is theu're looking israeli front lines. that's where they put their tanks. we have seen the moving this morning. we have seen infantry troops appearing to pull out back into israel, but for now, they are still holding their positions
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here in eastern gaza. the mood remains very tense. people have been running away. there have been a few gunshots into the air. what people really want to know is whether this temporary cease-fire can be built upon for a lasting peace. few hours.d just a after two israeli soldiers were killed and an officer captured, the cease-fire was over. both sides accusing the other of breaking the truce. more than 50 were killed in this town, and tragically familiar scenes unfolded on the emergency wall. it was supposed to be a good news day for quadruplets born this week. on ahoped for the future day of cease-fire, but it was not to be. tonight, the world they are born to is back at war.
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>> the news that an israeli soldier appears to have been captured by palestinian militants in gaza has caused deep concern in israel. military service is compulsory .or most people the last soldier season 2006 was held for five years. orla guerin reports from the border between israel and gaza. >> early morning near the gaza border. the cease-fire was supposed to last three days. it did not last three hours. at half past 9:00, a 23-year-old soldier was captured in gaza, taken by militants who emerge from a tunnel. >> two terrorists came out of the ground out of a tunnel. one of them blew himself up. the other opened fire with a gun. in the aftermath, we realized one of our officers had been snatched down into the ground and abducted. >> at the home of the captured
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soldier, his family put their faith in his brothers in arms. >> we want to support the israeli army and the state of israel in its fight against hamas and gaza, and we are certain that the army will not leave any stone unturned in the gaza strip and will bring him back home safe and sound. >> it took israel five long years to secure the release of the last soldier taken in gaza, and there was a high price -- israel released more than 1000 palestinian prisoners. eventually, he came home, but the deal was controversial, and the nation was scarred by the kidnapping. after the latest abduction, shells rained down. israel will be hitting even harder now. the only question is by how much .
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when it comes to waging war on gaza, israel has plenty of options. we were brought on board one of israel's fast attack missile boats. it has been keeping watch after intelligence warnings, but hamas had a big target in mind. >> the mission for this vessel has been to protect the oil rig, but it is also equipped with a variety of 10 point missiles -- pinpoint missiles. israel has been striking gaza from air, land, and sea. >> back on dry land, the deserted streets. fled.esidents have >> luckily, this is a bomb shelter, so it took most of the impact, and you can see nothing
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actually penetrated the home. >> one of the few who remain after 12 incoming hits in recent weeks and the constant percussion of outgoing israeli artillery. do you still believe in the idea of peace between israelis and palestinians? do you think it can be achieved? >> i think it is achievable, but obviously, not in the coming years. i think we will have to wait for at least one generation before the amount of suffering, damage, and hatred on both sides of the sides to reachth some sort of agreement. >> but peace is not on the agenda tonight, and israel's cabinet meets at the defense ministry to plan its next move. the abduction of one soldier is a nightmare for israel and probably a disaster for gaza.
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>> and one of his first comments since the latest cease-fire was broken, president obama blamed hamas for violating the truce. and just part of what he had to say during a press conference at the white house a few hours ago. >> i think it will be very hard to put a cease-fire back .ogether again if israelis and the international community cannot feel confident that hamas can follow through on a cease-fire commitment. >> for more on the failure of the cease-fire, i'm joined now by a former state department official. what is it going to take to put this cease-fire back together again? >> what it takes is each like they do not think it can win if it goes on longer. the israelis have been very cautious about getting too far drawn in. i think hamas has been reeling, but each side seems to feel like
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it has something to gain from fighting a little bit longer. under those circumstances, it is very hard to get either to pull back. >> now that this israeli soldier has been captured, that completely changes the equation, doesn't it? >> it puts a premium on israel trying to recover the soldier and changing the game. some people have talked about a full-scale israeli incursion into gaza, and i don't think israel wants to do that because it will result in more casualties. they want to find some way to get the soldier back and back off because israel does not want a full-scale reoccupation of gaza. the israeli public is very sensitive to combat deaths, and i think the government is looking to shut down the tunnels, get some sort of political equation on board and put this behind them. >> do we even know that it was hamas? >> it was interesting,
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and there have been some statements from former intelligence officials in israel who highlight the fact that this may not have been hamas at all but people hacking -- acting on behalf of hamas hoping to be paid off. there may be imperfect command and control. they know that israel's monitor to communicateon a cease-fire if you are terrified of talking because you think israelis will map of who is where and use that to attack. >> who are the intermediaries ? th this group qatari? turkey? does hamas even have control of them? >> it maybe this is some combination of entrepreneurs, criminal networks, family plans. it becomes hard if you are dealing at the high politics level to get to these guys who ultimately are thugs who want a payoff regardless of how many
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palestinians die in the process. >> what do you think is going on with your employers, the u.s. right now? >> my understanding is the u.s. government is on a full-court press to try to work with everybody to tamp this down. it is going to be a long weekend at foggy bottom. >> do you think another cease-fire can be procured in the next few days? >> i don't think in the next few days. i think this will have to play out. we will have to see if the israelis are going to be able to recover the soldier in the near term. i think there's going to be a lot more pain and each side is going to try to inflict pain on the other and get them to say that there is not a military solution to this thomas a we will have to negotiate early next week in cairo and try to -- there's not a military solution to this, and we will have to negotiate early next week in cairo and try to wrap us up. >> coming up, the deadly ebola
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virus has killed 729 people in four west african countries since february. french police are investigating the disappearance of 50 kilograms of cocaine from a secure room at the police headquarters in paris. the drugs, worth about $4 million, were locked behind armored doors after they were seized from senegalese gangs operating in the city. the french interior ministry said it would deal mercilessly with the culprit if the theft proved to be an inside job. today, president obama said the u.s. is limited in what it can do to deter russia's actions in ukraine and that everything possible is being done to support the government in kiev. his comments come as dutch and australian forensic experts are recovering the remains of more victims from the downed malaysian airliner in eastern ukraine. a group of more than 60 investigators managed to reach the crash site, despite continuing fighting nearby. progress., real
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dozens of dutch and australian military police and forensic .xperts this was the largest team of international experts to come here since the airliner was blown up two weeks ago. they spent several hours here collecting luggage as well as some of the remains of those who died as fighting continues nearby. ukraine's army has been gaining ground, but neither its soldiers nor the pro-russian separatists control the crash site. not far away, ukrainian government forces seem to have taken on the ground surrounding the regional capital of donetsk, but taking the city will be much harder with a much higher cost. this video cannot be verified, but ukraine's army says it shows weapons it seized from rebel forces. europe and the u.s. accused ,ussia of arming the rebels
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something russia vehemently denies. and there is an ever-growing number of people forced from their homes as they flee the .ighting in eastern ukraine meanwhile, back at the crash site, one dutch military police officer who was present at today's search, describing the a giantcountryside as graveyard. their mission before investigating the wreckage is to collect any remaining bodies to bring dignity to those who died. >> you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, hoping for a sweet success -- handmade products are bringing in new manufacturing boom to new york. tunisia has temporarily closed its main border crossing with libya after thousands have tried to break through the passage from libya.
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>> chaos, anger, frustration and lidia's key border crossing with -- at libya'svia key border crossing with tunisian. following the clashes, tunisian borderls have closed the crossing on friday. it's likely to be a temporary move. prompting a is steady exit from tripoli by diplomatic foreigners and libyans. for nearly three weeks, rival militias have been fighting to control the international airport. it is a multi-scrapyard now. violence is mostly concentrated in the south of the capital. many libyans say they are forced
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to leave the capital because of and a growingce sense of insecurity. >> you turn the television on, and you do not understand anything. there is no news to explain what is happening. you here rumors, so you are afraid. people are forced to escape to tunisia or europe. >> tunisia has become the latest country to ask all its nationals to leave libya. the shortage of essential items like fuel is also adding to insecurity. the latest violence came shortly after a largely peaceful parliamentary election in late june. the new parliament is due to convene on monday, but it is not clear whether it can influence events on the ground. >> today, the compensation fund
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for the victims of a defective edition switch -- ignition switch in certain general motors vehicles of ashley started accepting claims. so far, 13 deaths in 54 crashes have been linked to the faulty switches, but now anyone who feels they were injured in the recalled vehicles because of the defect can apply for compensation. kenneth feinberg handled the compensation for 9/11 victims and the boston marathon bombing, and he joined me a short time ago to explain how the process all works. you have the unenviable task of trying to decide what a human life is worth in dollar terms. how do you go about that? >> it's not easy, but usually, what we do -- usually -- is we look to the way the american legal system calculates a value of a life. what would the victim have earned over a worklife into his r her 60's? then we add to that some amount for pain and suffering,
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emotional distress. >> how do you measure that? >> usually, we take statistical averages from court decisions around the country. in the g.m. ignition switch case, $750,000, statistically, for the lost love one in the automobile and $300,000 to each surviving spouse or dependent added to economic loss. >> with egm case, gm has linked their teen deaths in 54 incidents -- with the gm case, gm has linked 13 deaths in 54 incidents. how do you determine which cases are valid? >> first, is it an eligible vehicle? requirement.rst secondly, did the airbag failed to deploy at the accident? if it did not deploy, there is a chance that the power was off,
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caused by the switch. airbag non-deployment is a critical prerequisite for this. finally, what evidence can you offer to show that it might have been the switch? photographs of the accident, a police report, and insurance investigative report -- these are the types of documents we will review. >> a people agree to take the compensation from gm, they cannot sue. is this also a hush fund? >> not at all. if someone rather sue, and i'm sure some will, it is all going to come out in the courtroom. somebody is going to litigate and bring it all out. that's first. secondly, i must say, a hush fund -- we are talking about offering people millions of dollars. if they would rather get their day in court, by all means, there's no requirement, but i am confident that the great bulk of eligible claimants will opt to
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take this money. >> you have the experience of administering these funds. when family see you, what is it they want to talk about? >> that is the toughest single part of this job. not designing the program, not calculating the damages. the toughest part is when families or loved ones want to see me, and when they come to see me, they never talk about money. they come to either event -- then -- vent about life's unfairness. >> what do you say? >> what can you say? you empathize, you reason. the other thing is they come to validate the memory of a lost loved one. "my son was going to be president of the united states." "my son was going to be ceo of a major business, and now he is gone, and i want you to know what a wonderful boy he was."
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it's just hard wrenching -- hard wrenching -- heart-wrenching. >> thank you for joining us. now to new york where the generation dubbed millennials take an innovation of approach to finding work. they are taking matters into their own hands. >> this is the kitchen, main center of operations. >> before even walking into this sweet shop kitchen, the exquisite smell of chocolate and caramel just overwhelms the senses. >> it smells so delicious. >> chocolate dipped caramels and treats made with cap -- cherries is hardly new. the difference is all these delectable delights are made by hand. >> the movement toward handmade versus factory made has a lot to do with people recognizing the difference between something
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that has been touched by human hands and something that spends its whole life being -- just going through stainless steel and conveyor belts. >> they make their suites and one of the buildings just behind me. the area is wall-to-wall warehouses. many of the spaces are being , youngd by millennials people building businesses based on selling something that is , and it is a reimagining the face of manufacturing in new york. >> without manufacturing went away, the jobs left new york city and went overseas or relocated to more suburban areas, but in reality, it has not disappeared. it has simply changed. what you see behind closed doors and factory buildings like the one behind us now is clustering of dozens, hundreds of new manufacturing businesses. >> but before these new businesses set up big, industrial spaces, many start
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out like dominique, who makes soap out of her queens apartment. >> there's high unemployment, and businesses are always being moved abroad. if you are buying things that and made bytainably a small business that operates in the u.s., you feel like you are helping -- maybe not solve the problems, but you are making little decisions that are making steps forward in the right direction. >> the business was born from a desire to find skin care products suited to her sensitive skin. it has now turned into a fresh start in manufacturing. >> the chocolates and the soap looked good, didn't? that brings today's show to a close, but you can find all the days news on our website. to reach me and the team, just go to twitter. from all of us here at "bbc world news america," thank you
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for watching and please do tune in next week. >> make sense of international /news.t bbc.com >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, union foundation, and bank. >> for 150 years, we have believed the commercial bank owes its clients strength, webility, security, so
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believe in keeping lending standards high, capital ratio high, credit ratings high. companies expected it then. companies expect it now. doing right -- it's just good business. union bank. >>
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this should be great. are you kidding? i was in the front row. come here. give me your ear. i'll tell you a tale that will fill you with fear. i was shopping for my mom just before her birthday. and listens for 11 minutes. eight of those

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